Dentures or dentures are divided into two categories: Total and partial dentures:
The first ones are used in case all the teeth are missing. They are made of acrylic material and the teeth are also mostly acrylic. While their aesthetics are quite satisfactory, they have a few key drawbacks:
– They are mobile tasks and this means that they need to be removed from the mouth at least during sleep. If this is not done, then there is a high probability of stomatitis.
– They are relatively bulky and cover a large surface area of the palate (palate), in the case of upper teeth, and the gums, resulting in impaired speech and taste.
– In cases of insufficient bone support (especially in the lower jaw) they are not sufficiently stable, which affects the function of chewing and speech.
For this reason, sometimes tooth roots or more often implants may be used to provide more support for the dentures, which are then called dentures. In this way, the dentures “snap” onto the roots or implants and are stabilized.
Partial dentures are used if there are some teeth capable of supporting them. The material used is mainly metal as a base and acrylic teeth. Partial dentures are attached to the teeth either with hooks that are visible to the eye or with precision connectors that are not easily visible.
Finally, there are other types of partial dentures, either acrylic or made of flexible materials, which are indicated only in specific cases.